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VERA Seminar

Gemeinsames VERA-SMI Seminar

High Precision Mass Measurements of Nuclei and the Neutron Star Merger

Ani Aprahamian, A. Alikhanyan National Laboratory of Armenia and Institute of Structure & Nuclear Astrophysics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana, USA

The US science academies report on “Connecting Quarks to the Cosmos'' identified eleven of the most challenging open questions for all of physics in the 21st century. One of these eleven questions included the identification of the site(s) for the production of the heaviest elements found in nature: How were elements Fe to U made?

Most of the elements above Fe in the periodic table are thought to have been produced by either the slow (s-process) or rapid (r-process) capture of neutrons in astrophysical environments. The s-process proceeds close to stability and astrophysical sites have been identified, while the r-process allows the production of nuclei much further from stability and potential sites remain mostly unresolved.

The recent observation of gravitational waves from two neutron star mergers simultaneously with the spectroscopy indicated that rare earth elements were made in this so-called kilonova event. The questions remain, are there enough such mergers? Are mergers the only source of r-process elements?

This seminar will address the role of nuclear physics measurements, specifically the high precision measurement of nuclear masses and their role in understanding this potential site for the synthesis of the elements from Fe to U.

Donnerstag, 06.06.2019    16:30 Uhr
Stefan-Meyer-Institut für subatomare Physik, Seminarraum 2.08
Boltzmanngasse 3/ 2.Stock
1090 Wien

 Abstract

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